Word of Advise to Americans And Others Wishing to Drive in UK
This is our advice to Americans who are considering driving themselves around the UK. Differences in driving between the two countries are more than just the “side” of the road that is driven on. These tips were culled from two experiences we had, renting once in Newbury and once in York.
If you’re not a confident manual (stick-shift) driver, forget it. Driving on unfamiliar roads with unfamiliar rules is not the time to learn.
Rent the smallest car that fits your needs. A Vauxhall Astra was plenty large enough for 2 adults, 2 teens, and luggage.
Driving in the UK
The “side” you drive on is the smallest difference between the two countries. In the US, right turns are easy. In the UK, left turns are your friend. Be careful and give way (yield) when turning right!
way (yield), passing, etc. Research the meaning of the large spider web type signs shown as you approach roundabouts. Find out what it means when something is inside ( ). Learn what A and B roads are. Research the speed limit rules and signs.
Research roundabouts, how they work, and what other drivers expect. (The occasional one-lane roundabout at a shopping mall in the US is not sufficient preparation.) There are videos on YouTube and other ‘net resources.
Using Google street view, research some of the roads you intend to drive. Notice how the cars are parked, the width of the road and the curves. There may be walls and hedges very close to the road. Notice that the road may have no shoulders . Note that directional signs are often located at the exact point of turning, rather than several hundred feet in advance. The width and curviness of the British roads was a bit unnerving for us. Note this if you have intentions of Driving in the UK
Driving With GPS
GPS (sat nav) is a wonderful tool but a map makes it easier to plan your route. You can buy a great AA atlas at many bookstores. Try to plan your route using A and B roads as much as possible. The “white” roads on your map are likely narrow, curvy roads that are best left to the locals who are familiar with them. The sections of motorway we drove on (A6 near Carlisle and A1(M) near Newcastle) were very similar to US freeways with wide lanes and gentle curves.
As you plan your route, make note of the numbers of the roads you’ll be traveling (i.e. A59, B6265)–this is much easier than trying to determine whether you need the road to Towne or Upper Towne (which may be in opposite directions). Having at least two people, one to drive and one to navigate and provide lookout is a great help.
Once you’ve arrived at the car rental place, turn on your GPS to allow it to “find” itself. Before setting off, make sure the GPS has a really good position fix. If not, given the arrangement of roads in the UK, the GPS may think you are not where you actually are. (This happened to us outside the York railway station.) Ask the rental employee for specific directions to where you return the car and the two nearest petrol stations.
Get familiar With The Roads
Before setting off, take several minutes to become familiar with the controls, particularly the headlights and wipers. Determine whether the car has an Eco anti-idling feature. Ours did and we turned it off just to eliminate another unknown. Figure out how to place the car in reverse. Figure out how to locate 1st and 2nd gears quickly (for roundabouts), without going into reverse. (In one car we drove, reverse was a great distance to the left of 1st. In the other, you entered reverse by first pressing down on the shifter and then moving to the left of 1st.)
Knowing all this greatly eased our driving experience and allowed the driver to relax (partially) and enjoy the beautiful scenery. Hopefully it will help others.
In United Kingdom , safe and legal driving goes far beyond the highway code. Ever wondered about the different categories on the back of your UK driving licence ? What do they mean? Do they indicate any driving restrictions? For something so familiar that many of us carry around day-to-day, it’s surprising to realize that we don’t even know much about them. This is why we have compiled a list of all those confusing driving licence categories and codes, so you can see what you can and can’t drive once you’ve passed your driving test, as well as which ones you’ll need to take an additional test for.
Why is it important to know drivers licence categories ?
Over 80% of adults in the UK hold a drivers licence. That’s a lot of people on the road! With commuting, road trips and long distance journeys becoming more frequent, it’s crucial to keep track of the validity, condition and personal information on your license.If you’re going on a big drive or crossing borders for a holiday, it’s even more important – because it’s likely that your licence will be checked.Want to discover more about driving licence codes and categories? We’ve got you covered.
What do the driving license categories mean?
Additional driving test
2 or 3 wheeled motors
Max speed 15.5-28mph
Max 8 passenger seats
Cat B + trailer
Up to 3,500kg
Up to 550kg with goods
Max trailer 750kg
Cat C + trailer
Up to 7,500kg + 750kg trailer
Cat C1 + trailer
Max combined weight 12,000kg
Trailer up to 750kg
Cat D + trailer
Length max 8m, trailer max 750kg
Cat D1 + trailer
2 wheeled motors
Max speed 15.5mph
Standard UK driving licence categories
This classification means you can drive two- or three-wheeled motors with a maximum design speed between 15.5mph and 28mph. But, you’ll need to pass a compulsory basic training test (CBT) as well.
This classification also includes quad bikes that have a maximum design speed of between 15.5mph and 28mph, weighing no more than 350kg (doesn’t include batteries on electric vehicles).
To drive any car, Category B is the classification you’ll need; you can drive vehicles up to 3,500kg Maximum Authorised Mass, with up to eight passenger seats.
If you’re over 21, Category B also means you can drive motor tricycles that have a power output higher than 15kW; you also get provisional entitlement to ride category motor tricycles that meet Cat A1 or A requirements (and if you’re physically disabled).
If your licence has category F on it – all standard ones do – you can drive an agricultural tractor. That’s right, you can hop behind the wheel of a tractor with no restrictions!
This driving licence category means you can get behind the wheel of a pedestrian-controlled vehicle; in other words, any self-propelled device you walk behind to control. For example, a mowing machine.
With category Q, you can drive a two-wheeled vehicle with an engine size of no more than 50cc,and have a maximum design speed of no more than 15.5mph.
Driving licence categories you might have
If you spot the driving licence category B1, you can drive motor vehicles with four wheels up to 400kg unladen or 550kg if they are designed for carrying goods – this is more common on older driving licences.
If you passed your test before January 1, 1997, you’ll be able to drive a vehicle with a trailer over the usual combined limit of 3,500kg- up to 8,250kg. If you passed your test after this date, you’ll have to take an additional test to tow weights over 3,500kg.
Category B auto
Used instead of a Category B licence, this means you are limited to driving automatic cars only and are not allowed to drive a manual car.
This is an old category that still lingers on some people’s licences. It refers to two-wheeled vehicles with a maximum design speed of no more than 31mph and an engine size lower than 50cc. On recent licences, this category is merged with Category AM.
Categories you need to complete an additional test for
With a catgory A, you can drive motorbikes with a power output more than 35kW or a power to weight ratio more than 0.2kW/kg.
With a category A1, you can drive light motorbikes with an engine size up to 125cc, a power output of up to 11kW and a power to weight ratio not more than 0.1kW/kg. This category also includes motor tricycles with power output up to 15kW.
This driving licence category means you can drive two or three wheeled motors with a maximum design speed between 15.5mph and 28mph. But, you’ll need to pass a compulsory basic training test (CBT) as well.
This classification also includes quad bikes that have a maximum design speed of between 15.5mph and 28mph, weighing no more than 350kg (doesn’t include batteries on electric vehicles).
After passing the appropriate test, you’ll be entitled to drive vehicles weighing between 3,500kg and 7,500kg (with a trailer up to 750kg).
This driving licence category gives you trailer entitlement to Category C1, meaning you can tow a trailer weighing over 750kg. The catch? The combined weight of both the vehicle and the trailer cannot exceed 12,00kg and the trailer cannot weigh more than the towing vehicle either.
To get this driving licence category, you’ll need to complete atest to drive vehicles weighing more than 3,500kg (with a trailer up to 750kg).
Cat C+E gives you trailer entitlement to Category C, meaning you can tow a trailer weighing over 750kg.
With the D1 driving licence category, you can drive a minibus with no more than 16 passenger seats and a maximum length of 8 metres, once you’ve passed the relevant test. You’ll also be able to tow a trailer up to a maximum weight of 750kg.
With this classification you can drive D1 category vehicles with a trailer over 750kg – provided the combined weight of the trailer and vehicle do not exceed 12,000kg.
The Category D code means you can drive any bus with more than 8 passenger seats (with a trailer up to 750kg).
-Category D+E lets you tow a trailer over 750kg on a Category D vehicle.
If you fancy it, the G driving licence category gives you entitlement to drive a road roller.
With Category H, you can drive tracked vehicles- and yes, this includes tanks.
You don’t need a driving licence for electric bikes, mobility scooters or powered wheelchairs.
ALL ABOUT DRIVING LICENCE CODES
Along with categories covering what vehicles you can drive, your driving licence codes add a wealth of other information about you – the holder. Here’s what you need to know.
Why are driving licence codes different to categories?
Driving licence categories dictate the types of vehicles that an individual can drive, whereas driving licence codes tell you what conditions actually apply.
How do I check my driving licence codes?
You can find the driving licence codes that relate to your licence by looking under section 12 on the reverse of your driving licence. Ignoring codes can result in big fines, so it’s essential to take note of any restrictions on your licence and comply.
Here are some of the common driving licence codes you could find listed under section 12.
This means you need eyesight correction when driving andyou’ll need to wear glasses or contact lenses when driving – by law. Failure to do so could result in a fine and penalty points. You’lll also need to report any changes to your vision or any corrective surgery.
The 02 driving licence code means that a hearing or communication aid must be worn when behind the wheel. As with eyesight, you must tell the DVLA about any changes to your hearing.
The 02 driving licence code means that a hearing or communication aid must be worn when behind the wheel. As with eyesight, you must tell the DVLA about any changes to your hearing.
Not a restriction per-se, but this driving licence code lets authorities know that the holder of the licence is an organ donor.
For any journey, safe and legal driving should be the priority. Having a handle on what your driving licence means is a good way to ensure that you’re clued up on the road.
If you’re driving abroad make sure that you know the rules for the country you’re in, such as sign posting, speed limits, directions and general driving laws.
The most valuable safe driving tip is to plan ahead for every journey. Driving conditions change with seasons, and roadworks or road closures are almost guaranteed to delay you at some point. So, schedule in some rest breaks, take your time and don’t get distracted while driving. Got a plane to catch? Get there on time by booking parking in advance.
Your driving licence is your ticket to freedom – so, know it well, use it right and enjoy the drive!
We are currently facing a worldwide pandemic, meaning a widespread disease outbreak, of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus, or COVID-19 for short. This virus is rapidly spreading to countries throughout the world, with devastating impacts. While technology and online businesses are an excellent resource for consumers right now, unfortunately some companies are capitalizing on the widespread fear and panic that surrounds this outbreak. To protect you as a consumer during this unprecedented time, we are providing this guide with reliable resources to help you take precautionary measures and put your mind at ease.
This time of uncertainty and alarm has brought out both the best and worst in businesses. While some aim to help with donations and discounts, others offer false information and scams to make more money. As a leading platform of authentic consumer resources, we are providing this consumer-centric guide with businesses for users to turn to for medical information, protective gear, stay-at-home alternatives, and more.
If you think you have been exposed to COVID-19, call your healthcare provider for medical advice, especially if you develop a fever and symptoms, such as cough or difficulty breathing.
In the age of technology, we have almost too much information at our fingertips. This has resulted in mass panic, rumors, and inaccurate information, which is dangerous during a pandemic. Make sure you are listening to news directly from reliable sources, not things shared on social media or by word-of-mouth.
The CDC should be your go-to resource for anything COVID-19 related. On their website, hot topics such as advice on travel, schools, childcare, businesses, employers, and community-based programs can be found. The CDC provides updates throughout the day, with any breaking news, updated restrictions, and general advice for the public.
The best online resources for up-to-date news about COVID-19:
If you are sick, the CDC recommends that you wear a mask because the virus is easily spread through droplets when you cough or sneeze, and the mask helps to stop the spread of those droplets. Beginning Friday, April 3, the CDC announced a recommendation for everyone else to wear face coverings in public as well, which could help with the asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic spread of the virus.
3M, a major supplier of face masks and respirators, including the N95’s needed by healthcare professionals, announced that demand is exceeding supply and they are working hard to provide customers with the supplies they need.
Doctors are weighing in as well. Dr. Nipunie Rajapakse, a Mayo Clinic infectious diseases specialist, says that “the current recommendations regarding masks are that if you yourself are sick with fever and cough, you can wear a surgical mask to prevent transmission to other people. If you are healthy, there is not thought to be any additional benefit to wearing a mask yourself because the mask is not airtight and does not necessarily prevent breathing in of these viral particles, which are very tiny.”
Purchasing the Correct Type of Mask or Respirator
First, let’s talk about the difference between a mask and a respirator. According to 3M, a face mask helps keep things sterile, protecting patients from inhaling microorganisms from the healthcare provider. These are more commonly seen and less expensive. A respirator looks a lot like a face mask but is designed to seal around the face, reducing the wearer’s exposure to airborne particles. Many people have been rushing to purchase N95 respirators in the wake of COVID-19, causing a global shortage for healthcare workers. For more in-depth information and frequently asked questions about masks and respirators, please refer to 3M’s guide.
If you find that you need a mask or respirator, purchase one that is approved by the CDC so that you aren’t doing more harm than good. When masks fit incorrectly, you and the people around you are not protected. The CDC has a guide for all approved respirator types.
Where to Purchase a Mask or Respirator
Face masks and respirators have been sold out for weeks. Thankfully, there are a few ways to get your hands on one if you are sick or know someone who is, but beware of price gouging. Some retailers are taking advantage of consumers by selling these products by setting them at unfair and unreasonable prices. If you find that a local store is price gouging, report it to your state’s Attorney General Office.
The following chain retailers typically carry one or more kinds of masks and respirators. It’s worth checking in with these stores online and signing up for alerts (when available) for new shipments if you’re in serious need of one.
We know there is a shortage of these products, and some are desperate for a mask, but try to purchase from a reliable retailer so that you aren’t scammed out of money, or buying a faulty product. 3M, a major global supplier of masks and respirators, offers links to partner stores online to purchase from. You can also type in your zip code and to show nearby stores that typically have stock of these products. Call for availability BEFORE heading to the store.
Along with 3M, there are other trusted retailers on the CDC’s website. Go to the CDC’s website, find the kind of mask that you need (in the blue box), click the link, and search through retailers. Note that most of these retailers sell to other distributors or major companies, not private citizens.
We know that COVID-19 spreads through close contact with an infected individual. According to the CDC, the virus can be contracted through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes, and then a healthy person inhales it. Due to the risk of infection, more and more people are purchasing air purifiers in an attempt to clean the air around them, especially if someone else in their home or business is infected.
Air purifiers can trap or break down (depending on the type of filter) viruses, bacteria, mold, mildew, and fungi. However, not all of these products are effective, and some make false claims. There are different types of air filters, including UV, mechanical, and electrostatic, and all have been proven to remove some viruses and bacteria. However, air purifiers haven’t been tested against COVID-19, so there is no guarantee yet. But, if you want to breathe clean air and lower your risk of being infected from other viruses, choose a reputable company to purchase from.
Where to Purchase an Air Purifier
For those of us who want to feel a little better about the air we breathe during this COVID-19 outbreak (or anytime), check out these reliable air purifier retailers.
A Consumer Goods 2020 Winner and a TIME 25 Best Inventions product, air purifiers from Molekule deliver on their promises according to many happy consumers. While pricey, these products come in different models and sizes for any home or office.
Patented PECO filter to destroy molecules 1000 times smaller than what a traditional HEPA filter can.
The CDC is recommending keeping an emergency kit on hand during this outbreak, for symptoms related to COVID-19, but also for other common illnesses you might contract or minor accidents that might occur during this time. This will help you treat your problem quickly and efficiently without having to run to the store.
Remember to pack only the necessities in your kit. Some companies try to scam consumers, using fear to convince them to purchase their products, even if they don’t actually need them. For trustworthy information on what you should have in your basic emergency kit, use the lists and recommendations from Ready.gov, FEMA, or the American Red Cross.
Along with their list of recommendations for emergency kits, the American Red Cross offers a variety of emergency products for sale. Purchase full survival or emergency kits, first aid kits, and individual emergency products for your home, office, and car. These kits are appropriate for any type of emergency, including natural disasters or other instances where you cannot get the assistance you might need.
Purchase straight from the source
No price gouging
We know that COVID-19 particles are passed through the air and can remain on surfaces long enough to infect others, so keeping cars, homes, and personal devices clean is on everyone’s mind. Using disinfectants is an obvious choice during this viral outbreak. The CDC recommends cleaning and disinfecting frequently touched surfaces daily.
Many stores are out of disinfecting products, especially wipes and hand sanitizers, forcing you to shop online. Before you order, do some quick research about EPA approved disinfectants so that you and your family can stay protected by using products that effectively remove the virus from your surfaces. Use the chart to find the EPA registration number for the ingredient, which will then be listed on the product. Products can be marketed and sold under different brand names while still using the same EPA registration number, so look at other brands if the product you need is sold out. If you can’t find any of these, disinfecting products with at least 70% alcohol are also appropriate to use.
Office Depot still has some disinfecting and cleaning items in stock, including bulk items and professional cleaning products. The website also offers an option to enter your email address to be notified when a specific item is back in stock.
Bulk and professional products for home and office
Those who become ill are being asked to call ahead before going to a medical facility to avoid transmitting the disease further. For many mild cases, at-home monitoring is sufficient. This has led many to realize that they need or want additional at-home diagnostic supplies to make sure their families (and themselves) are safe and healthy. Among the most popular tools are pulse oximeters (measures blood oxygen concentration), thermometers, and heart monitors. These tools can also bring people peace of mind during this stressful time. Always check with your own physician on whether you need these types of medical diagnostic equipment. Avoid price gouging and faulty products by shopping at reputable retailers during this outbreak.
When practicing home isolation, if you have COVID-19, it is important to wait the recommended amount of time before you leave your home again to avoid infecting others. Please read the CDC’s “How to Discontinue Home Isolation” section near the bottom of the linked webpage for more information.
With thermometers flying off the shelves, you’re probably wondering where to look when chain retailers run out. Allheart still has a variety of thermometers and pulse oximeters in stock, and some are even on sale. Also available are disposable protective gear, such as gloves, that are helping some people protect themselves while taking care of sick family members. It is important to remember to purchase only what you need. There is a shortage of these products for medical professionals, too, not just for consumers.
Trustworthy site for thermometers, pulse oximeters, and other at-home supplies
COVID-19 Social Distancing Alternatives
Social distancing is crucial during the COVID-19 outbreak. While we can’t attend our normal social activities, a more pressing matter is how to get necessary services while being isolated. Fortunately, online medical appointments, pharmacies, business meeting platforms, and food delivery services are available for us to use.
Online Medical Appointments
The CDC is urging people who are mildly ill to stay home rather than rush to a medical facility. To help aid those who need to consult a doctor, online medical appointments are available. Be sure to sign up for a reliable service, and check with your health insurance provider to see what is covered. Along with physical health, mental health appointments are available from some providers for those who need it during this stressful time. Ultimately, your decision on which site to use will most likely come down to the price and your insurance coverage, as most of these services are the same.
Consult with a physician about your symptoms online at MDLive. Simply create a free account and verify for healthcare insurance information. MDLive also offers guides for COVID-19 with tips and advice to get you through this outbreak safely. For those struggling with mental health through this stress, a licensed therapist appointment ($99 or less) or psychiatry appointment ($259) can be scheduled.
Appointments can be via video, phone, or chat on the MDLive app
Can prescribe medication
Minimize your social interactions in high-risk areas like pharmacies by using online options. Filling your prescription online (or over the phone) instead of in-store eliminates one trip to the pharmacy, and many big-name stores are offering delivery (sometimes for free) for prescriptions. Create a free account at one of these popular pharmacies to get started.
A longtime name in American healthcare retail, CVS has stores throughout the country, making it a convenient pharmacy to use. CVS was a 2018 Customer Choice Award recipient on Sitejabber. CVS is offering free prescription delivery to its customers during this trying time.
As many veterinary offices are offering curbside service during this outbreak, another option is ordering your pet’s medications (and other essentials) online to lessen your exposure. After ordering from these sites, they will contact your vet’s office to approve your order.
A major name in online pet supplies, Chewy offers prescription medications, food, and supplies. Create a free account for you and your pet to get started. Signing up for auto-ship saves you money on each order, too. Chewy received a 2018 Customer Choice Award from Sitejabber.
Easy to use — they’ll contact your vet for you to approve order
The COVID-19 outbreak is having a major impact on the global economy. Keep your businesses going with virtual meetings.
A widely used video conferencing platform, Zoom, is a leader in its industry. Its capabilities include online meetings, video webinars, conference rooms, a phone system, and business instant messaging and file sharing. Zoom offers various business plans for any type of company.
Apple and Android apps available
Extensive app integration
Up to 1,000 video participants and 10,000 viewers
Grocery stores are a hot spot for contracting illnesses. To make things easier on you and your loved ones, consider using a food delivery service to limit your exposure to COVID-19.
If you’ve never used a meal prep website, now is the perfect time to start. Enter your preferences, food allergies, and dietary needs, and sign up for a membership to receive ingredients and recipes right to your doorstep. While there are many more meal service sites popping up, these are among the most popular and reliable.
HelloFresh is a meal kit delivery service and is the largest company of its kind in the United States. Meal ingredients and instructions arrive weekly, and users can choose from a plan for 2 or 4 people and 3 or 4 meals per week. Customers can select from a weekly menu before their items are shipped.
Choose a subscription for 2 or 4 people, and for 3 or 4 recipes per week
Meat and veggie, veggie, family-friendly, and low-calorie plans available
Prices starting at $7.49 per serving
Cancel or skip a week at anytime
Restaurant Delivery Sites
Keeping our restaurant industry afloat during this outbreak will largely depend on customers using take-out and delivery services. In some U.S. states, restaurants have been forced to close their dining rooms, and others are decreasing their capacity. Consider using one of these restaurant delivery sites to eat from your favorite local places, giving them much needed support during this difficult time.
While reviews are mixed, Grubhub is one of the most widely used restaurant delivery services in the United States. Simply visit their website or download the app to see what restaurants are available in your area. Grubhub is available in 1,600 cities across the country.
Free delivery on your first order
Live wait times for each restaurant
Read customer reviews
Grocery Delivery Sites
To avoid your exposure to others during this outbreak, consider ordering your groceries ahead of time online, and then pick them up or have them delivered to your home. Fortunately, there are many grocery service options to choose from today, and the following are among the most popular.
Walmart, the biggest name in American retail, offers online grocery services to its customers. Walmart Grocery has offered curbside pick-up for a while, and now, more locations are offering delivery due to the COVID-19 outbreak. This keeps employees and customers safe, as Walmart is a heavily trafficked store. Walmart received a 2018 Customer Choice Award from Sitejabber.
Item substitutions for out of stock products, will ask you for approval
From the Sitejabber Team to You
As we navigate through these difficult times, we recognize a strong need for authentic and trustworthy resources, perhaps more than ever before. Our team will work to provide the most up to date resources for the important questions right now. We would also like to remind you that it is crucial to follow government recommendations during this time to keep you and your loved ones safe. If you or someone you know is showing symptoms of COVID-19 or has recently been exposed to the virus, visit the CDC‘s website for what to do next.
Have another resource particularly helpful to you? We believe sharing your experience is incredibly meaningful. Share your recommendations to the community by writing a review, or leaving a comment in our COVID-19 discussion board.
It is essential to recognize when your driving licence expiry date is (or was). It is illegal to drive without a valid driving licence . The DVLA might send renewal reminders prior to the expiration date. It is your responsibility to make sure that your permit is current. Consisting of getting renewal forms if required. Driving without a legitimate driving licence can result in a penalty of up to ₤ 1,000. In between three and six charge factors on your permit. Your car can also be seized. Cars of persistent offenders can be crushed/disposed of by the cops.
How Do i renew my driving license?
Renewing A Driving Licence is free . Unless you have been disqualified. The fees for renewing your license are revealed listed below. You can renew your driving permit at 70 plus online at the DVLA site, or utilizing the D46P application form. For medical revivals, you require to obtain the D42 or D48 application.
Fees for renewal:
Renewing a licence at aged 70 (or over): Free
Renewing a licence for medical reasons: Free
after disqualification: £65
Renewal after disqualification for some drink driving offences: £90
Renewal after revocation (under the New Drivers Act): £50
To renew the photo on your licence: £20
Renewing a Photo Driving Licence
Still asking ” How Do i renew my driving license? “If your Picture Driving Licence has ended, you can be fined up to ₤ 1,000. Your photo licence have to be renewed every 10 years; if you fail to renew it at that point, your driving licence will certainly be invalid. If your appearance changes significantly, you can choose to update your picture earlier than this. This can be done online via direct.gov.uk or by completing the DVLA’s D1 application, which you can get on the internet, from the DVLA form buying solution or from particular Post Office branches.
To renew your photo licence online at www.direct.gov.uk you will need your passport number, driving licence (if you don’t have your licence you must say why as part of the application) and a form of payment such as a debit or credit card, the cost is £20. The reason you need your passport number – which has to have been issued within the last five years – is because the DVLA will use the picture and countersignature from your passport for your driving licence. Once you’ve filled in all your details and paid for it then the DVLA will send your new licence out to you in the post. Couldn’t be easier!
How do I know if my photo licence has expired?
To check the status of your photo driving licence, the front of the card shows the expiry date of the photo license (marked 4b). The DVLA will send a renewal application pack before the photo needs to be renewed. Renewing the photo licence is usually £20. Your new licence should be sent back to you within three weeks, although it may take longer than this if medical and personal details need to be verified. As long as you have previously held a UK driving licence and are not likely to have your renewal rejected for medical reasons, it should be fine for you to drive while you await your new licence.
It may seem confusing to people looking to renew their photo licence, as on the DVLA’s D1 form it does not mention renewing the licence. What you are really doing is renewing the photo on the licence as this is what expires.
Renewing a driving licence that has been expired for some time
If more than two years has passed since your driving licence expired, you may be made to retake your driving test in order to get a new licence. This is especially the case if your licence has expired due to age (driving licences need to be renewed when you reach seventy years of age) or for medical reasons. For these, you may also have to pass a medical. In other cases, you can simply apply for a new licence without problem, although the DVLA will often want to know why your licence has been expired for so long.
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Category A and B Italy driving licenses are valid for:
10 years, for drivers up to 50 years of age,
5 years, for drivers between 50 and 70 years of age,
3 years, for drivers between 70 and 80 years of age,
2 years, for drivers older than 80.
Driving License Exchange In Italy
If you hold a driving licence for life (i.e. one that remains administratively valid for an unlimited period) that was issued by another EU country, you will have to renew the licence 2 years after moving to Italy.
Non-EU driving licences – exchange & recognition
You must exchange your non-EU driving licence within 1 year of moving to Italy.
go to the agency of Ministry of Transport (Ufficio della Motorizzazione Civile) responsible for the province you live in
you will be asked to:
produce your driving licence and a copy of it,
fill in a form (model TT 2112),
provide two passport type photos,
provide a medical certificate with picture, and a copy of it,
make a payment (approx. € 9,00 for cc 9001 and €32 for cc 4028 – more information at the agency’s counter).
If you have previously exchanged a non-EU driving license for an EU license in another EU country, you can use it for a year after moving to Italy. If your EU licence is valid for an unlimited period, you will have to renew it two years after moving to Italy.
An international driving permit (IDP), often (incorrectly) referred to as an international driving licence (IDL), is any valid, legal identity document. It allows the holder to drive a private motor vehicle in any country or jurisdiction which recognizes the document.
The paper is published in a variety of various languages- English, French, Spanish, Chinese as well as Russian along with German, Arabic, Italian, Portuguese and also the Scandinavian languages.
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An IDP is typically legitimate for a duration of one year from its date if issue or till the driving permit ends, however can be renewed .
This makes it possible for authorities in those nations to comprehend your driving license. This is particularly crucial in situation of any type of problem, given that it will certainly confirm your driving qualifications.
Driving on your own around, whether you’re melting up the rubber or travelling along is a sensation several automobile fanatics wish for. While the roadways in your house nation are open to you whenever the demand to drive grabs you, those taking a trip to an additional nation on service or vacation are typically incapable to rent out a vehicle or drive considering that they do not have an international driving license that is approved because nation.
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The driving test really is unlike any other test you’re likely to take. It has so many potential pitfalls, high stress and nerves with an examiner sitting right next to you.
As fully qualified driving instructors, we frequently get asked by learner driver, how hard is the driving test? It’s a difficult question to answer as there are so many variables to take into account. We shall however take these variables into account and explain how hard the driving test is, along with advice and tips for driving lessons and for taking the driving test.
DRIVING TEST CENTRE LOCATION <> HOW DIFFICULT THE DRIVING TEST MAY BE
The driving test centre location plays a large part in how difficult the driving test is. London driving test centres are known for having difficult and challenging driving test routes. This is due to the fast paced traffic giving learner drivers little time to think. Also the challenging roads, multi-lane roundabouts, dual carriageway sections etc.
On occasions, a learner driver living in London can take a driving test elsewhere such as Cambridge.
Exactly how difficult is the driving test?
Certain test centre routes are significantly harder than others. In Cambridge for example, there are many cyclists to deal with, although the test routes on the whole are generally easier than London.
If you feel that the driving test routes in your area are difficult, by all means book your driving test in an area that is easier or perhaps has higher driving test pass rates. It’s a good idea to take driving lessons in the area of your driving test as all test routes have difficult areas that will benefit you if practiced by a local instructor who knows the routes.
THE DRIVING TEST EXAMINER
The outcome of a driving test has a great deal to do with the examiner. When booking a driving test, you have no choice which examiner is assigned to you. Although driving test examiners have a standard set of rules to abide by, they can use their discretion. An example could be; you are performing the parallel parking manoeuvre, and unfortunately gently bump the curb. Touching the curb in the turn in the road is never a good idea, although if gently, many examiners will let this go. If your examiner is particularly harsh, or is having a bad day, that could well be a driving test failure.
Remember, examiners are providing driving tests for learners all day long. Their job may indeed become a little tedious at times. Be friendly to your examiner and if possible add a little chat to the test. Gaining a ‘friendship’ with your examiner might, just might be the difference between a tick in the minor box or the serious box (now called faults).
DRIVING TEST TIMES
The driving test only lasts for around 40 minutes, the time of day that you book your driving test has an impact on how difficult the driving test is. Rush hour traffic is often around the time of 8am to 9am and 4pm to 6pm in the evening. These times may vary depending on your location. During rush hour, significantly more traffic is on the roads and each and every one of them is frantically trying to reach their destination. Many of them could be late, or trying to avoid being late and so have little regard for a learner driver slowing them up. As an inexperienced driver, you will not only have an increase in traffic to deal with, but stressed and possibly even aggressive drivers to deal with.
Ideally, try and book your driving test within rush hour times; say between 10am and 3pm. This way you will have a calmer paced test. Certain driving test centres offer Saturday test. This is a slightly higher test fee but if traffic around your test centre location is calmer on Saturdays, it could be worth contacting the DVSA for Saturday driving test availability in your areas. See driving test times for further information.
THE DRIVING INSTRUCTOR
The standard at which you have been taught to drive will of course have an effect on how difficult the driving test will be for you. Driving instructors vary considerably from highly critical to complacent. If you feel that your instructor is a little on the complacent side; you are making mistakes, are aware of them but your instructor isn’t bringing them to your attention, this isn’t ideal. A critical instructor who persistently brings every fault to your attention may be a little annoying, but will without doubt gain the best results.
If you feel your driving instructor is just going along for the ride, talk to them about it. Tell them that you have made mistakes and that they haven’t brought it to your attention. If nothing changes, it could be time to think about choosing a different instructor.
DRIVING TEST CENTRE ROUTES
If you go into a driving test with no knowledge of the driving test routes, the odds of passing are reduced and the test will become much more difficult. Of course a learner should be to such a standard that they can handle any road or traffic system. Realistically however, driving test routes are designed by the examiners themselves and intentionally incorporate some of the most difficult roads and systems within the test centre radius.
When choosing a driving instructor, ensure they have a sound knowledge of the test routes for your test centre, especially the difficult areas. It’s more cost effective long term to go with an experienced driving instructor with a good knowledge of test routes opposed to simply opting for the cheapest driving school or instructor.
DRIVING TEST NERVES <> HOW DIFFICULT THE DRIVING TEST
Of course you are going to be nervous on the driving test. Nerves play a big part in driving tests and often make the test much more difficult than it actually is. Learners are often their own worst enemy and fail many tests due to nerves. Gain as much knowledge as possible for the driving test, know the manoeuvres inside-out and know exactly what to expect on the driving test.
If you have read the tutorials, guides and advice on this web site, if you feel you can perform on your driving test after reading the guides, then you are certainly ready to take the driving test.
IS THE DRIVING TEST TOO DIFFICULT?
When it comes to taking the driving test, the examiner isn’t looking for professional level driving. They are expecting you to make mistakes. A good level of control, awareness of others and forward thinking is what the examiner is looking for. There is no reason why a learner driver at test standard shouldn’t be able to drive at the same level as a driving instructor.
I do believe the standards should remain high. What is significantly against the learner taking the test is lack of experience. It can be difficult for a learner driver to deal with a situation in a timely manner that they haven’t experienced before during the driving test. This is the type of situation which fails many driving tests. With this in mind, driving tests are to a degree pure luck. If you get a nice clean and quiet run at it, your chances are significantly increased for passing. The tips and advice within this page should help some way into giving yourself an advantage for passing.
READY FOR THE DRIVING TEST?
If you are still making mistakes during your driving lessons, chances are you’re not ready for the test. You will know and you instructor will know when you’re ready. When you feel very confident with your driving and your instructor feel that you are ready, take a mock driving test.
MOCK DRIVING TEST
A mock driving test will simulate the actual driving test, allowing you to gain an understanding of what you can expect on the driving test. It may also be an idea to take a mock driving test with a different driving instructor or school. This way, you get an unbiased opinion on your ability.
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driving license counterpart explained – buy uk drivers license online
UK Drivers License Explain
You may have just passed your driving test and received your full UK driving licence or exchanged your foreign license for a GB license and wondered what the various codes and categories on your licence mean.
Displayed below is the front and rear view of a full United Kingdom driving licence along with each section explained.
The paper counterpart of a UK licence is also explained. The paper counterpart of a UK driving licence is no longer issued by the DVLA as all information is kept digital.
The licence paper counterpart no longer has any legal status.
Although the images below represent a genuine UK driving licence, the information contained on the licence is purely fictional and will not correspond with any DVLA data.
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FRONT OF THE PHOTOCARD DRIVING LICENSE COUNTERPART EXPLAINED
driving licence explained
Your licence personal details (1, 2 and 3): Fields 1, 2 and 3 of your photocard driving licence display your surname, first names, date and place of birth.
Date of driving licence issue, photo expiry, issuing authority (4): The date displayed in 4a is the date the photocard licence was issued. 4b displays the date the photocard must be renewed and 4c displays the authority that issued the licence (DVLA).
Driver number (5): Driving licence number format explained.
JONES – Displaying first five letters of your surname. If surname is less than five characters in length, the remaining spaces will comprise of the digit 9.
849339 – First and last numbers are the year of birth. Second and third numbers are month of birth. (Note: in the case of female driving licence holders, ‘5’ is added to the second digit, this means that the second digit will be 5 or 6). The fourth and fifth digits are the day of the month of your birth.
TS – The first two initials of your forenames. If you have only one initial then the second character will be a ‘9’.
8AD – Computer check digits.
**– Licence numbers
Licence holder’s signature (6): This is digitally reproduced and burned into the photocard from the signature you provided on the application form.
Ghost photograph (7): This ghosted image of the licence holder’s photograph is a security feature.
Issuing authority roundel (8): This shows the stamp of the EC authority that issued the driving licence.
Holder’s address (9): This shows the licence holder’s permanent address in Great Britain.
Holder’s photograph (10): This is digitally reproduced from the photograph provided by the licence applicant.
Entitlement categories (11): The letters in capitals show the categories of entitlement covered by the European Community Directive. National categories are shown in smaller letters. hope you can now understand the UK driving license counterpart explained
BACK OF THE PHOTOCARD driving license counterpart explained
Production barcode (12): Used to link a photocard licence with its counterpart licence ready for dispatch.
Not used (13 / 14)
Pictograms (15): These illustrations are representations to easily explain the types of vehicles in those categories shown.
PROVISIONAL DRIVING LICENCE
A GB provisional driving licence contains the same information as a full licence. The letter ‘L’ displayed on the provisional driving licence has been placed by the DVLA since September 1999 on all GB provisional licences and confirms the holder is a learner driver.
driving license counterpart explained
DRIVING LICENCE COUNTERPART EXPLAINED
Unique driving licence number (2)
Vehicle categories (3) Full Licence Holders: Categories of vehicle you are entitled to drive provisionally (that is, before you pass the applicable driving test). Provisional Licence Holders: Your entitlement will not show on the D740 (paper counterpart) only on the plastic photocard licence
Entitlement history (4) Entitlement history (that is, previous entitlement which has been replaced by a higher category).
Endorsements (5) Endorsements as issued by the convicting court.
Change of address (6) The counterpart also has a section for you to tell the DVLA about a change of address. (Both the photocard and counterpart must be returned in this case).
Signature box (7) Signature box for confirming change of address.
HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE FOR MY DRIVING LICENCE TO ARRIVE
You will usually receive your driving licence within three weeks. If you have passed a practical driving test and handed over your provisional driving licence to the examiner, the test pass certificate the driving examiner issues you with entitles you to legally drive until your full driving licence arrives.
HOW LONG DOES A DRIVING LICENCE LAST
Your photocard driving licence must be renewed every 10 years. Section 4 on the front of your photocard licence provides the date your licence was issued (4a) and the date it expires (4b). Providing the address details held with the DVLA are current, they will send you an application form around two months before your licence expires.
WHICH COUNTRIES CAN I DRIVE WITH UK LICENCE
A full and valid GB driving licence permits you to drive in all European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA) countries, and Switzerland. If you intend on driving outside of the EU or EEA areas, you may need an International Driving Permit. The EU/EEA countries are:
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Republic of Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain and Sweden.
DRIVING LICENCE COUNTRY CODES
If you live in the European Union or one of the European Economic Area (EEA) countries and intend on exchanging your current driving licence for a GB licence, listed below are the various country codes that will appear on your GB driving licence depending on the location of the licence you exchange.